Often borrowers only look at the loan rate, the repayment of the loan from the radar screen. With annuity that does not happen. Especially useful are the loans with constant rates for the financing of real estate.
The receiving a loan is not free. During the term, the borrower must provide the lender is usually a net interest paid. And at some point, the creditor will require from the debtor repayment of the loan amount. This process is called amortization.
The loan interest rate can be understood as the price of money. Finally, the lender decided not to have the term of the loan on the money while. This “disadvantage” can be paid by the borrower to the lender. The interest may be rigidly agreed for the loan term or size – are connected – for example, daily changing market interest rates as the Libor.
The borrower’s creditworthiness influences interest
In addition, the lender will ask the question, how big is the risk that the borrower does not repay the loan. Banks consider this risk often very systematically and then locate the debtor based on the likelihood of default of a credit class. The worse the creditworthiness of the borrower and his credit, is the higher its interest rate, which the bank requires. And also the term of the loan will affect the interest rate: the bank is, the longer the loan is running, the more feel the risk of a loan default and therefore the interest premium the greater will be the rule. But sometimes it also happens that the yield curve with increasing maturity does not rise but falls.
Regarding the repayment options, all possible forms of design are possible basically. When overdraft or overdraft facility ( “MRP”) the borrower decides within certain dates mostly on his own, when he repays the loan. the agreed interest rates, therefore, are very high, often as if the checking account is overdrawn. While the interest rate should be determined in practice rather by the creditor, the borrower should try to enforce his needs at the repayment terms.
Repayment in one fell swoop is not for everyone
the borrower wants to reach an agreement with the lender on a repayment plan, so three basic types are possible. It can be agreed, first, that the debtor pays the loan in one fell swoop at the end of the agreed term returns. This total repayment due can be dangerous. Because may expire a buyer of an acquired credit own homes during the repayment period of the illusion that he “saves the rent” and for “only lending rates” must apply. In order for the repayment does not lead in one fell swoop at the end of the loan term to a rude awakening, a total repayment due should only those who agree can count up to your credit due to high payments as from a gift or an inheritance with very high security.
Who wants to take out a loan in order to invest in something – for example, to buy a medical practice – can put more on it already, that he achieved enough revenue to the end of the loan term to repay the loan. but it is all too human, not to cover the revenue for the still distant loan repayment, but for example, a great holiday “just so” issue. In order for the repayment need not be as a big chunk at the end of the loan term, it may be useful to arrange installments for repayment. Also for this second basic type of repayment, all possible forms are conceivable. So you can arrange that with a loan of ten years, the first five years of “interest-only” must be paid. In the second half of the term, if the investment by perhaps anticipated tough start years already some yields can probably rather take in addition to the interest payment of the debtor if he wipes out 20 percent of the redemption amount each year. After five such rates, the debt would be repaid.